What Exactly Is Specific Learning Disabilities?
Teachers all agree that students with learning problems need to be identified as early as possible to obtain the best long term educational results. An ideal time for this identification would be in the first grade so that the necessary psychological evaluation could be completed before the end of first grade.
The Specific Learning Disabilities Test for Children
In reality ally, many of these students are not identified before the 3rd grade. A common reason for this delay is that these students learn differently and less efficiently than the other students so they begin to fall behind the other students academically from their first day in school. This is a gradual process that increases with time. For this reason they are extremely difficult to recognize with certainty Density unless they have specific individualized tests traditionally administered by the school psychologist. A major problem has been to determine which students require such testing.
Schools do not appear to have an accurate and easy to administer screening test that will identify these students before the end of first grade. The result of this is that teachers may wait until the students the to show some different next evidence of failure to progress academically before the student is considered for psychological evaluation. Even once the decision has been made, it is not always possible for the student to be evaluated without delay and 41 of several reasons the evaluation is frequently not completed before the end of 2nd grade. By this time, an academic achievement gap m has developed that may be irreversible.
However. there are some facts that increase the chances that a student ending is LD being present and increase the need for evaluation. For example if there is a positive family history of school learning difficulties in first or 2nd° family relatives The chances of this student having SLD increase by approximately 20%. Schools rarely ask about this possible risk factor.
Another that would increase the possibility of an early identification of SIL the student would be if teachers bin training would receive more information about normal child development especially in regard to students in first grade. For example would be valuable information to know that what first grade level it would be abnormal for the student to not be able to accurately identify all numbers and letters, as well as to b this deficiency the should be a factor in determining that this student requires psychological evaluation. To exclude SIL the or dyslexia.
Another option would be to use a high risk for SLD screening test such as the Cantwell is LD test for 6 to 8 year old children and is ill the high risk screening.
The goal of all these methods would be to identify and confirm the presence of SIL the before the end of first grade.